Who is leading the world ranking of renewable energy?

The production and use of renewable energy are rising, and almost 30% of the electricity consumed on the planet comes from renewable energies. Norway is the largest clean energy producer, as 98.4% of its energy production comes from renewable sources. Data refers to 2020 and is provided by Enerdata, a consulting firm that annually publishes a study on energy, production, and consumption worldwide and its environmental impact.

Share of renewable electricity production per country

Brazil is in the second position, with 84.1% “green” energy, dethroning New Zealand, which dropped one place compared to the 2019 ranking and now occupies third place with 80%. Portugal occupies the 8th position as almost 60% of the energy comes from renewable sources.

After Norway and Sweden, Portugal is the third European country listed in this ranking. In the top-10, there are four Latin American countries.

What is driving renewable energy adoption?

Wind and solar power generation have been encouraged by ambitious environmental policies in the European Union, the USA, China, India, Japan and Australia. The drastic drop in the costs of developing these technologies in recent years has enabled developing countries to increase their renewable energy production capacities.

Renewable energy:

Renewable energies also gained popularity for their low carbon dioxide emissions compared to fossil fuels. For example, a gigawatt-hour of electricity generated by wind power releases 4 tonnes of carbon dioxide; still, the same output generated in a coal-based power plant produces 820 tonnes of carbon dioxide.

Energy sources

Renewable: Hydroelectric, solar, wind, biomass, geothermal, marine energy
Non-renewable: Oil, coal, natural gas

Which are the most used sources of renewable energies?

The wind is one of the main characters in this tale. Production delivered by wind power technology grew 17% between 2019/2020 and 2020/2021. Data from the International Energy Agency’s 2021 Annual Report also point to an 18% increase in solar energy production.

Renewable energies represent now around 38% of the energy generated in Europe; in China, approximately 26% of the energy generated is renewable. In the USA, India, and Japan, this number is around 17%.

After reading this article, suppose that you prefer to keep one – and only one – fact in your memory. It can be the following: fossil fuel energy production in Europe is lower than renewable sources for the first time.